Central Asia Regional Rounds 2019-2020 of the Stetson International Environmental Moot Count Competition
“Reintroduction of Bears”
The topic of the CARR 2019 is legal disputes concerning “Reintroduction of Bears.” The Federal States of Arctos and the Republic of Ranvicora are neighboring sovereign states located on the continent of Suredia in the Northern Hemisphere. The grey bear (Ursus smokeysius) is a species that is endemic to parts of Suredia. For centuries, grey bears lived in Ranvicora. However, grey bears went extinct in Ranvicora in 1963, primarily due to overhunting and habitat destruction. The grey bear is of great cultural importance in Ranvicora, and its extinction in Ranvicora was considered a national tragedy by most Ranvicoran citizens.
Thus Government of Ranvicora has tried to reintroduce grey bears in Ranvicora and conducted an environmental impact assessment (EIA) since 2008. For the first release on 23 March 2013, Ranvicora reintroduced bears in Ranvicora’s territory near the Arctos border. In 2018, Arctos argued that grey bears are causing problems such as killing livestock or damaging orchards in the territory of Arctos. Ranvicora protested that Ranvicora is not responsible for what the bears do since migration of the wild animals cannot be controlled. Further negotiations between Arctos and Ranvicora failed to resolve the dispute, and the two countries entered into a Special Agreement to institute proceedings in the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
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