The Armenian Bar Association has just submitted a comprehensive report in response to the UN Committee Against Torture’s call for input from civil society organizations and human rights institutions. 

Our report delves into the numerous acts of atrocities against ethnic Armenians during multiple invasions of both Nagorno-Karabakh (“NK”) and Armenia by the Azerbaijani military personnel since 2020 and especially the nine-month blockade of the NK territory beginning on 12 December 2022, depriving its overwhelmingly ethnic Armenian inhabitants of basic necessities.

These atrocities and the blockade occurred within the context of a decades-long provocation campaign by Azerbaijan’s ruling family to incite hatred against ethnic Armenians among Azerbaijan’s population. This campaign has been recognized by numerous international bodies including the Committee against Torture.  Azerbaijan ended the blockade on 24 September 2023 only after another of its devastating military operations in NK, the culmination of which was that the entire NK population was forced to flee to Armenia.

The individual acts of atrocities, and the blockade, inflicted severe pain and suffering on ethnic Armenians. These acts were perpetrated precisely because of the victims’ ethnicity, and with the purpose of “intimidating or coercing” the ethnic Armenian population of NK to leave the territory. They therefore constitute torture within the meaning of the Convention.

The Armenian Bar Association recognizes and thanks Alexander Bedrosyan, Zaven Sargsian, Ani Nalbandian and Arin Nahapetian for their dedication and effort in preparing this report. 


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2024 International Law Symposium: Call for Papers

The humanitarian crisis for the ethnic Armenian community of Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh) [as a result of Azerbaijan’s complete military encirclement, months-long blockade, and, ultimately, the entire Armenian population’s forced migration out of Nagorno-Karabakh] raise oft-ignored questions about the universality and effectiveness of non-derogable international human rights norms. This Call for Papers seeks submissions of abstracts for papers exploring the relationship between human rights and unrecognized or partially recognized States (viz, countries), particularly in connection with the live issues in Nagorno-Karabakh.

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